Ucchusma Meteorite NWA 2932, Mesosiderite Tsa Tsa – Souvenirs from space

•June 10, 2010 • Leave a Comment

Ucchusma Meteorite NWA 2932, Mesosiderite Tsa Tsa


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NWA  2932  Meteorite . This is one of those meteorites that are starting to disappear from the marketplace. When circulation falls, usually price rises in short order, as collectors buy up the last remaining inventory available. This specimen has a nice polish that gives the abundant metal a mirror-like finish, the necessary steps were taken when polishing this stone, so your left with a stable specimen that wont rust under ordinary conditions. Plus this meteorite contains so much iron, we included some silica balls that turn color when attention is needed.

Mesosiderites may appear to some collectors and enthusiasts as ugly ducklings when compared to their beautiful cousins, the pallasites. Mesosiderites take their name from the Greek words for “iron” and “half” and are comprised of approximately equal amounts of nickel-iron and stony components. Most are brecciated and many show broken and irregular inclusions of silicate minerals, rich in magnesium. Silvery metallic flakes and veins stand out starkly against the dark silicates, and polished, prepared slices are sometimes reminiscent of the night sky. The breccia-like consistency of mesosiderites has led meteoriticists to theorize that they may have been formed by large asteroidal collisions, which fused the disparate types of material into a single mass. Prominent meteoriticists Dr. John T. Wasson and Dr. Alan E. Rubin elaborated in a letter to Nature:

During the period of planet formation, mesosiderites originated by the low-velocity collisions of large metallic core fragments with the surface of a differentiated asteroid-size body … these collisions reduced mantles and crusts to small silicate fragments but left cores in the form of large, durable metal fragments.

Like the pallasites, mesosiderites are extremely rare, with only about fifty documented examples.



What is Tsa Tsa ?

•May 30, 2010 • Leave a Comment

Tsa-tsa, a word transliterated from Sanskrit to Tibetan, refers to the miniature Buddha and stupas molded with clay in Tibet. This special Buddhist art form resulted from the prosperous development of Buddhist culture, and was transmitted to Tibet by pilgrims from India.

Tsa-tsas are mainly used as holy oblation in Tibetan Buddhism, and certain small ones can be used as amulets. Tibetan people believe that making tsa-tsas is a process of accumulating merits and virtues. Tsa-tsas are believed to have the power to prevent disasters, cure illness, and provide atonement. After being empowered by a dignitary, they can be holy objects. These holy objects are always put in places that are believed to have a nimbus. Thus many tsa-tsas can be found inside stupas, Buddha statues, monastery altars, holy caves or beside holy mountains, holy lakes and other holy sites.

The production process of tsa-tsa is basically molding with clay. Get some clay and get rid of the impurities in it. Then add some water, knead it and put it into a mold. The mold is always a metal or a pottery mold with the hollowed and reversed image of a Buddha, a stupa or other sacred symbol. After being molded, it is dried or fired to be hard. Thus the basic tsa-tsa is made. Many tsa-tsas are painted with colorful patterns or carved with Buddhist texts. In Tibet, nearly every Buddha image has a corresponding tsa-tsa, and these tsa-tsas vary in size and shape. The diameter of a small tsa-tsa may be only one centimeter (about 0.39 inch), while the large ones may be tens of centimeters high. The shapes of tsa-tsa include round, rectangle, square, triangle, etc.

Tsa-tsas can be divided into several categories according to different ingredients that are added.

The commonly seen and widespread ones are ordinary, made with clay without any special ingredients added. These tsa-tsas are always engraved with Tibetan barley or other symbols to express the maker’s piety or blessing for a beautiful life.

Ash tsa-tsas have ashes of late dignitaries added to the clay.

Medicine tsa-tsas, which can be used as healing amulets when sick, have many rare and precious medicinal materials added, including pearl, carnelian and saffron, etc.They appear the same as other tsa-tsas except for their color.

Another kind of tsa-tsa contains the liquid produced in the mummifying process of late high lamas. These tsa-tsas are the most precious, are mainly used as amulets, and only the nobles and relatives of high lamas can get them.

Tsa-tsas made by high lamas themselves have the lamas’ fingerprints on the backside, indicating a supernatural power was infused. These delicate tsa-tsas are finished with advanced techniques, which also makes them very precious.

What you get is “Quality” not “Quantity” Tsa Tsa

•May 23, 2010 • Leave a Comment

Thank you for your interest in Ucchusma.Wordpress.com We dedicate our life’s work to researching and collecting the finest & rare botanical and has been making them available in Tsa Tsa / Amuletic forms (Sacred Objects).

We feel there are five criteria to selecting great Amulets. Types of Sacred Pills, Rare Botanicals (Herbs), Personal effects of holy gurus, Manifestation Gifts & holy Relics. Harmonize all together and you get good volume, long-lasting power sustaining and authentic gift from Nature at it’s best.

Each Amulet we sell or donated are hand selected to ensure this level of quality. We invest the time to make six buying and researched (In mountaineous forestation) trips a year, and have worked long and hard on our relationships with our suppliers (Aborigines & Orange Asli) to make sure this quality is available to us. We have been doing barter trades / business with some of these families going back three generations.

kindly contact us if you need more details zhaofu.ucchusma@gmail.com

We look forward to hearing from you!

Ucchusma Odessa Tsa Tsa – Souvenirs from Space

•May 23, 2010 • Leave a Comment

Ucchusma Odessa Tsa Tsa

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The Odessa Meteor Crater

Shower of Meteorites plunged to earth some 20,000 years ago, shattering limestone bedrock and leaving explosion pit some 500 feet in diameter; other smaller adjacent pits. Over the centuries, desert winds silted crater almost level with surrounding plains, and site was not identified as Meteor crater until the 1920s. Today a marked nature trail winds through crater and a free brochure interprets the unusual feature. Just west of Odessa exit I-20 at F.M. 1936 (south), drive west on frontage road 3.4 mi. to sign indicating crater site to south.


It blazed across the Ice-Age sky above West Texas 25,000 years ago, a scantillating fireball which exploded in mid-air and crashed into the Permian Basin 10 miles southwest of present day Odessa.

The impact shook the land and terrified its denizens, sent thunder rolling into the horizon, gouged out earth and flung strata in all directions. In an instant, it was over, and at least one major crater — 100 feet deep, 550 feet wide — and two lesser ones yawned immense to testify to the collision between cosmic traveller and the third planet from the sun.

The wind blew; ice receded; rain fell. And slowly, the craters succumbed, the ages swallowing them. They still may have been awe-inspiring when the first Indians drifted southward into Texas 11,000 years ago; no one can say for certain. But by the time pioneer Odessan Julius Henderson stumbled onto the rim in only mild curiosity — as “blowouts,” common topographic features in free-drifting sands of the area. Only when pilots of the twentieth century noticed the lunar-like features painted against the prairie did West Texas finally yield its millennia-old secret: of all such Meteorite craters in the nation, only the Barringer in Arizona loomed more immense.

Their lifeblood stirred by realization that a desolate stretch of Ector County held evidence of a voyager from the reaches of the solar system, geologists converged on what became known as Odessa Meteor Crater in 1939 and spent two years trying to decipher its mysteries. The primary crater still measured more than 500 feet in diameter, all right, but the elements had reduced its depth to only twenty feet at its greatest. But a surprise awaited nearby when geologists undertook tests with a magnetometer: a second crater 17 feet deep and 70 feet wide lay filled by erosion. During its excavation, they unearthed approximately six tons of Meteorite particles.

He came to believe, however, that the mass of the object which slammed into the Permian Basin was “somewhere in excess of 500 tons, although it may have been three times that.”

As he walked the belly of the enigmatic crater for 24 months, studying and gathering data, Evans became the foremost authority of perhaps the foremost crater on the planet.

“The art of documenting craters as being the result of Meteorite falls is quite a new science,” he said. “Even as recently as 1960 geologists were arguing that the vast Arizona Meteor crater — a half-mile wide, 500 feet deep — is the result of a gas explosion and that the thousands of Meteorite fragments in the vicinity are coincidence. This is just another example of how hard it is for people to accept something. The Odessa craters, on the other hand, are the best-documented craters in the world.”

He explained that the site contains most of the classic astroblemes – structural features — associated with impact craters, including strongly tilted rocks on the periphery and a central mound of boulders, evidence of which was discovered within the 165-foot shaft.

“When we sank the shaft, we found fossils of Pleistocene horses and elephant teeth, and the bedrock was still fragmented beneath,” he noted. “This gives us some idea of the age, but what we really need to find is fossilized vegetation in the original soil to get a carbon dating.”

Evans, who went on to study Meteorite craters throughout the world, even explored the possibility that the Odessa Crater may be associated with the Barringer Crater in Arizona.

“They’re very similar in age and content (both nickel iron) and it makes me wonder if they could have been part of the same fall,” he mused. “Sometimes Meteors come in clusters. If you look for other series of craters, there’s only central Australia with a group of 13, the largest about the size of our number two crater here, a cluster of four in Argentina, much smaller than ours, seven in Russia and another in Arabia. An additional series of craters, all smaller than the main Odessa crater, were formed during a witnessed fall in 1947 in Siksote-Alin, Russia.”

The onetime associate director of University of Texas Memorial Museum in Austin also noted that the Sierra Madera, 18 miles south of Fort Stockton, holds astrobleme features, “one of 30 or 40 authenticated ones in the world.”

Evans and his excavation crew departed Odessa Meteor Crater in 1941, but in their wake came scavengers and vandals, digging and breaking and looting this registered national historic landmark. The craters had stood the test of 25,000 years of erosion, yet suddenly their very existence became threatened at the hand of uncaring man.


The Odessa Crater, and four smaller craters were formed in prehistoric time when a great shower of nickel-iron Meteorites collided with the earth. It is estimated the event occurred some 24000 to 25000 years ago.

The shower was composed of many thousand of individual Meteorites of various sizes which fell over an area of about 2 square miles. The smaller Meteorites, which were by far the most numerous, either came to rest on the earths surface or at the bottom of shallow impact pits within the soil. There were several very large Meteoritic masses in the shower, however, and these struck the earth with such enormous energy that they penetrated deeply into bedrock producing craters in the earth at the places of impact.

When freshly formed, the craters were funnel-shaped depressions, the largest about 550 feet in diameter and 1OO feet in depth. More than 100,000 cubic yards of crushed rock was ejected from this crater by the energy released from the impacting Meteoritic mass. Smaller craters in the vicinity of the main crater range from 15 feet to 70 feet in diameter and from 7 feet to 18 feet in depth.

In the ages following their formation the craters gradually accumulated sediments deposited hy wind and water. The main crater was eventually filled within 6 feet of the level of the surrounding plain. It now appears a shallow, nearly circular depression surrounded by a low rock-buttressed rim. The several smaller associated craters were so completly buried that their existance was not suspected until they were exposed in excavations made by the University of Texas, in the early 1940’s.

Meteor craters are among the rarest and most interesting of land features. Astrophysicists have observed the source of Meteoritic bodies which strike our earth originate within our Solar System, probably from the asteroidal belt located between the planets Mars and Jupiter.


A 165 foot shaft was sunk in the center of the main crater primarily to locate the main mass of the Meteor which was believed still buried. However, the shaft revealed that there was no huge mass buried. it is now known that the main mass, of an estimated 70 tons, which formed the main crater, was traveling at such a high rate of speed that it exploded and vaporized upon contact with the earth. Therefore, the main crater is an “explosion crater.

The four smaller craters was formed by smaller masses of Meteoric material. These were slowed down by the earth’s atmosphere to below explosion velocity. The craters were formed by the impact of the Meteor and much of the Meteoric material was buried at the bottom of the smaller craters. These smaller craters are, therefore, “impact craters”. The smaller craters have been completely covered by wind blown dirt and was located by metal detection equipment. In addition to the Meteoric material recovered from he smaller craters, many tons of Meteorite fragments was scattered over the surrounding plain. The fragments, upon impact, buried themselves at depths from a few inches to a few feet, depending on their size.

The largest piece of the Odessa Meteorite ever found weighs approximately 300 pounds. The Odessa Meteorite is an iron metallic Meteorite. Only about 10% of all the Meteorites striking the earth are metallic. The remaining 90% are classified as stoney Meteorites and resemble rocks found on earth. Because they so closely resemble rocks, stoney Meteorites are much harder to find and are more valuable than metallic Meteorites.


These contain about 9O% iron. 7

Pictured is 12″ ruler for scale.

Originally the 165 foot shaft was completely walled up with heavy timbers and divided into 10 different floor levels, with ladders connecting each floor. However, in the early 1950’s someone set fire to the timbers in the shaft, completely destroying them. The shaft in now covered with concrete slabs.

The Odessa Crater is the second largest crater recognized in the United states. The largest is he Arizona Crater. The Odessa Crater is approximately 500 feet across and was originally 100 feet deep. Wind and rain have filled it up over the centuries until it is now only about 15 feet deep The Arizona Crater is 4,000 feet across and 500 feet deep.

To purchase and enquires, kindly send an email to zhaofu.ucchusma@gmail.com

Ucchusma Gibeon Iron TsaTsa – Souvenirs from Space

•May 23, 2010 • Leave a Comment

Ucchusma Gibeon Iron Tsa Tsa

Meteorite 01

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Meteorite 02


  • Location: Great Namaqualand, Namibia, Africa. Latitude 25 degrees 20 minutes South, Longitude 1Posts8 degrees East.
  • Time of Fall: In prehistoric times–we are looking for a better estimate. If you have one, then send it to us.

    Location Map

    Here is a map showing where the Gibeon strewn field is located:


    The Gibeon Meteorite was first reported by Capt. J.E. Alexander in 1838. He heard of masses of native iron up to two feet square on the east side of the Great Fish River. While he did not see the masses himself, he was able to obtain samples for analysis. Undoubtedly, the natives in the area were previously aware of these occurrences, since they were found on the surface.In the years following, Europeans established large cattle ranches in the area and recovered many more large meteorites. A 232 kg mass was recovered in 1857. Many masses between 100 and 500 kg were recovered in the years shortly after 1900. As late as the publication of the Handbook of Iron Meteorites in 1975, scientists were reporting the that Gibeon consisted primarily of large masses and lacked the smaller pieces like those found at Canyon Diablo, Odessa, and Sikhote-Alin. Buchwald speculated that greater knowledge might reveal smaller specimens or that smaller fragments may have been collected by natives and made into tools. It seems that lack of knowedge may have been the answer. In the past year or two increasing numbers of small Gibeon Meteorites have been exported. It may be that with modern metal detection equipment meteorite hunters will locate a substantial number of smaller specimens.

    Composition and Mineralogy

    The chemical composition of the Gibeon is:

  • 90% iron
  • 8% nickel
  • 0.4% cobalt
  • 0.04% phosphorus.The minerals in the Gibeon are:
  • Kamacite, taenite make up 99%+ of the meteorite
  • Troilite (an iron sulfide) is common as nodules and in recrystallized forms.
  • Chromite (chrome oxide) is found occasionally
  • Daubreelite is found in the kamacite.
  • Enstatite (a silicate mineral–pyroxene) is rare.
  • Tridymite (a silicate mineral) is rare.Click on the mineral to find out more about its composition and how to identify it in a specimen. Minerals that are probably not found in the Gibeon are:
  • Schreibersite (iron phosphate) a hard mineral that ruins saw blades.
  • Graphite
  • Cohenite (iron carbide) is even harder than schreibersite.

    Impact of the Gibeon

    The Gibeon was apparently a large meteorite that burst high in the atmosphere, as did the observed fall at Sikhote-Alin. The fragments collected show some of the same characteristics as the Sikhote-Alin specimens. Some pieces show shrapnel-like features and “cold working” (bending and hammering-like deformation). Other specimens show regmaglypts that look very similar to Sikhote specimens.Here is a black and white photograph of a Gibeon that displays well-developed regmaglypts:

    The photo is of the 350 kg Lichtenfels mass which is exhibited at the Max Planck Institute in Heidelberg, Germany. This, as much of the other information in this article, is from Handbook of Iron Meteorites by Vagn Buchwald, U. of California Press, 1976.

    The Gibeon fragments are spread over a strewn field 70 miles (120 km) wide by 230 miles (390k km) long–one of the largest strewn fields in the world. No Gibeon craters have yet been identified.

    When Did the Gibeon Fall

    The Gibeon fell in pre-historic times. Our best estimate is 4 billion years ago.

    How Old Is the Gibeon

    Radiometric dating places the age of crystallization of the iron-nickel metal in the Gibeon at 4 billion years.

    To purchase and enquires, kindly send an email to zhaofu.ucchusma@gmail.com


Ucchusma Sikhote-Alin TsaTsa – Souvenirs from Space

•May 23, 2010 • Leave a Comment

Ucchusma Sikhote-Alin Tsa Tsa

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At around 10:30 am on February 12, 1947, eyewitnesses in the Sikhote-Alin Mountains, Primorye, Russia, observed a large bolide brighter than the Sun that came out of the north and descended at an angle of about 41 degrees. The bright flash and the deafening sound of the fall were observed for three hundred kilometres around the point of impact not far from Luchegorsk and approximately 440 km northeast of Vladivostok. A smoke trail, estimated at 32 km long, remained in the sky for several hours.

As the meteorite — traveling at a speed of about 14 km/s — entered the atmosphere, it began to break apart, and the fragments fell together. At an altitude of about 5.6 km, the largest mass apparently broke up in a violent explosion.

To purchase and enquires, kindly send an email to zhaofu.ucchusma@gmail.com

My Guru’s Sacred Ucchusma Sadhana

•May 19, 2010 • Leave a Comment